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North Carolina Historic Sites and Museums Highlighting the Civil War

The North Carolina Museum of History provides this list as a general resource. Hours of operation and admission fees are subject to change. (Admission is free unless otherwise noted.)


Coastal Plain


Averasboro Civil War Battlefield 
N.C. 82, Dunn 
http://www.averasboro.com/

Historic markers and a museum tell the story of the March 1865 battle. Highlights include Chicora Cemetery and Lebanon, the 1825 plantation home used as a Confederate hospital.

Battle of Chicamacomico Races 
Civic Center-Route 12, Rodanthe 
http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=11489

Outdoor monument commemorating the October 1861 battle.

Bellamy Mansion Museum 
503 Market Street, Wilmington 
http://www.bellamymansion.org/

The Union used this spectacular plantation home as its military headquarters following the fall of Wilmington in 1865.

Bentonville Battleground State Historic Site 
5466 Harper House Road, Four Oaks 
http://www.nchistoricsites.org/bentonvi/bentonvi.htm

The largest battle fought in North Carolina and the last major Confederate offensive of the war took place here. Harper House (on the site) served as a Union field hospital during the battle.

Cape Fear Museum 
814 Market Street, Wilmington 
http://www.capefearmuseum.com/

Established in 1898 as a repository for Confederate relics, the museum presents exhibits that explore the history of Wilmington, blockade running, and the Battle of Fort Fisher.

Fort Anderson State Historic Site 
8884 St. Philip’s Road Southeast, Winnabow  
http://www,nchistoricsites.org/brunswic/brunswic.htm

The fall of Fort Anderson in February 1865 allowed the Union to take Wilmington and cut supply lines to the Confederate army. Visitors can see the nearly 90 percent of the earthen fort that remain today.

Fort Branch 
N.C. 1416, Fort Branch Road, Hamilton 
http://www.fortbranchcivilwarsite.com/

On the banks of the Roanoke River, this earthen fort protected the CSS Albemarle construction site and a railroad bridge. Seven original cannons are on exhibit.

Fort Fisher State Historic Site 
1610 Fort Fisher Boulevard, Kure Beach 
http://www.nchistoricsites.org/fisher/

Fort Fisher, the largest Confederate earthen fort, protected blockade runners bound for Wilmington loaded with goods critical to the South.

Fort Macon State Park 
East Fort Macon Road, Atlantic Beach 
http://ncparks.gov/Visit/parks/foma/main.php

Union troops captured this casemated fort in April 1862 after a land and sea bombardment. Visitors can view restored rooms and explore a museum.

Fort Raleigh National Historic Site 
1401 National Park Drive, Manteo 
http://www.nps.gov/fora/index.htm

This pre-Colonial site contains exhibits on the Civil War and the Freedmen’s Colony.

Liberty Hall Plantation 
409 South Main Street, Kenansville 
http://www.libertyhallnc.org/

Tour the nineteenth-century home of the Kenan family and view exhibits and a video presentation highlighting plantation life during the Civil War. The nearby Cowan Museum (free admission) has an extensive collection of rural artifacts.

Museum of the Albemarle 
1116 U.S. 17 South, Elizabeth City 
http://www.museumofthealbemarle.com/

Part of the North Carolina Museum of History Division, this museum features an overview of the Civil War in the Albemarle region and offers exhibits on slavery and antebellum plantation life.

Museum of the Cape Fear 
801 Arsenal Avenue, Fayetteville 
http://museumofthecapefear.ncdcr.gov/

This museum, part of the North Carolina Museum of History Division, features Civil War exhibits and the remains of an arsenal used to supply weapons and ammunition to the South.

Poplar Grove Plantation 
10200 U.S. 17 North, Wilmington 
http://www.poplargrove.org/

Costumed interpreters lead visitors through this antebellum plantation and demonstrate nineteenth-century crafts.

Port-o-Plymouth Museum 
302 East Water Street, U.S. 64, Plymouth 
http://www.civilwar.org/visit/heritage-site/port-o-plymouth-museum

This museum interprets the Battle of Plymouth, the CSS Albemarle, and Union occupation of the town.

Somerset Place State Historic Site 
2572 Lake Shore Road, Creswell 
http://www.somersetplace.nchistoricsites.org  

This historic site examines the people who lived and worked at one of North Carolina’s largest plantations and the Civil War’s impact on plantation life.

Wayne County Museum 
116 North William Street, Goldsboro 
http://waynemuseum.org

This museum presents an exhibit about Union general William T. Sherman’s march through Wayne County on his way to Raleigh.

Wyse Fork Battlefield 
U.S. 70, Kinston 
http://www.historicalpreservationgroup.org/projects_wf_battlefield.html

Explore the battlefield where Confederate troops tried to halt Major General John Schofield’s march on Goldsboro.


Piedmont


Alexander Dickson House 
150 East King Street, Hillsborough 
http://www.visithillsboroughnc.com/things-to-do/alexander-dickson-house/

Confederate general Wade Hampton used this historic house, built in 1790, as his headquarters. Also at this site, General Joseph E. Johnston prepared documents used to surrender to General William T. Sherman in 1865.

Bennett Place State Historic Site 
4409 Bennett Memorial Road, Durham 
http://www.nchistoricsites.org/bennett/

Walk the grounds where the largest Confederate troop surrender occurred.

Burwell School Historic Site 
319 North Churton Street, Hillsborough 
http://www.burwellschool.org/

This site examines antebellum Hillsborough and the impact of the Civil War on the Burwell family, the slaves who lived and worked there, and the students who attended Burwell’s School for Young Ladies.

Greensboro Historical Museum 
130 Summit Avenue, Greensboro 
http://www.greensborohistory.org/

The site of a Confederate hospital, this museum exhibits rare Civil War weapons, historical prints, paintings, and other artifacts. A cemetery containing the graves of Civil War veterans lies on the museum grounds.

Historic Stagville 
5825 Old Oxford Highway, Durham 
http://www.stagville.org/

Dedicated to historic structure preservation and African American cultural history, this site offers tours of Civil War–era slave quarters, a house, and a barn.

Malcolm Blue Farm 
N.C. 5 South (Bethesda Road) and Ives Drive, Aberdeen 
http://www.townofaberdeen.net/pView.aspx?id=3520&catid=29

Union troops commandeered this farm and nearby Bethesda Church in March 1865. Today an exhibit details the Battle of Monroe’s Cross Roads.

Mendenhall Plantation 
603 West Main Street, Jamestown 
http://www.mendenhallhomeplace.com/index.html

Home of Quaker abolitionist Richard Mendenhall, the plantation houses such artifacts as a false-bottomed wagon used in transporting slaves to freedom.

North Carolina Museum of History 
5 East Edenton Street, Raleigh 
Hours: Monday through Saturday, 9:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M.; Sunday, noon to 5:00 P.M. 
(919) 807-7900 
http://ncmuseumofhistory.org/

The museum has a large collection of Civil War artifacts, some of which can be seen throughout its exhibitions.

North Carolina State Capitol 
1 East Edenton Street, Raleigh 
http://nchistoricsites.org/capitol/

The Capitol was the official site of the beginning and end of the Civil War in North Carolina. In the House chamber, representatives cast their votes to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy. After Union troops occupied the Capitol grounds in the spring of 1865, a signal message proclaiming the war’s end was dispatched from the Capitol roof.

Orange County Historical Museum 
201 North Churton Street, Hillsborough 
http://www.orangenchistory.org/index.html

This county museum presents the area’s Civil War history, including information about the Orange Guard Company.

Salisbury National Cemetery and Confederate Prison Site 
202 Government Road, Salisbury 
http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/national_cemeteries/North_Carolina/Salisbury_National_Cemetery.html

The cemetery, adjacent to the site of Salisbury Confederate Prison, contains the graves of 11,700 unknown Union soldiers buried in eighteen trenches marked by head- and footstones.


Mountains


Catawba County Museum of History 
30 North College Avenue, Newton 
http://www.catawbahistory.org/museum-of-history

This county museum features a permanent Civil War exhibit that includes the Colonel Clinton Cilley collection of Confederate and Union artifacts.

Museum of the Cherokee Indian 
U.S. 441 and Drama Road, Cherokee 
http://www.cherokeemuseum.org/

One gallery in this recently renovated museum chronicles Thomas’s Legion, a Confederate regiment composed partly of Cherokee troops.

Zebulon Vance Birthplace State Historic Site 
911 Reems Creek Road, Weaverville 
http://nchistoricsites.org/vance/

This historic site features the reconstructed 1830s birthplace of North Carolina Civil War governor Zebulon B. Vance.

State-wide
Civil War Traveler
http://www.civilwartraveler.com/EAST/NC/

Check out this website that provides multiple ways to explore the Civil War history of North Carolina, including Civil War Trails.

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