In the early 1900s, the United States found that its battlefields would no longer be on American soil, as they had been in previous centuries, but in other parts of the Americas, in Europe, in Asia, in Africa, and on the high seas—the country had emerged as a major world power. And just as its citizens had done in previous conflicts, North Carolinians answered the nation’s calls to service. For many, that service had a profound impact on their lives.
This free exhibit, produced by staff members of the North Carolina Museum of History, will lead visitors on a voyage of discovery related to the military experiences of those North Carolinians. Moving through time, visitors will learn about the lives of soldiers during each conflict—from the Spanish-American War (1898) through World War II (1941–1945)—using a series of artifacts, vignettes, graphics, video clips, and oral histories.
Artifacts in the exhibit will include
- a Medal of Honor awarded at Veracruz, Mexico, in 1914;
- uniforms and insignia from the World War I–era Lafayette Escadrille;
- items that an officer used during the Bataan Death March of World War II;
- "spy”-type items used by the Office of Strategic Services (OSS);
- medals awarded to the second director of the Women’s Army Corps (WAC);
- artifacts used by a pilot with the World War II–era Tuskegee Airmen;
- documents forged by a member of the Polish resistance movement;
- a World War II–era pack howitzer artillery cannon;
- and nearly 200 other items.
Media elements of the exhibit will feature:
- reenacted film shorts that “bring to life” stories of people from our past using scripts based on primary sources (these will be presented in the “crate video” footlockers that proved popular in our World War I exhibit last year); and
- sound domes that present oral histories of North Carolinians associated with conflicts.
Other highlights of the exhibit will include historical film footage; “lift-the-backpack” interactive stations; and environmental vignettes that depict WWI trenches, a WWII medical-aid station on Corregidor (Philippines), and the beach at Iwo Jima.
“Rather than retelling the military and political history of each conflict, Answering the Call focuses on the individuals who became involved,” stated Charlie Knight, curator of military history at the museum. “Seeing how everyday people got caught up in major national and world events provides a much more human connection between museum visitors and the past. The conflicts and time periods in large part are simply a backdrop—the people take center stage.”
“The goal is to make this exhibit more than just guns and places on a map,” Knight continued. “We worked to put a human face—a North Carolina face—to our military story. These efforts may have taken the form of a short biographical panel, a video with actors retelling a person’s story, or audio clips of veterans themselves recounting their experience.